Harald zur Hausen, MD
Professor Emeritus, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany
Revolutionizing the field of oncoviruses and cervical cancer etiology, Dr. zur Hausen was awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his seminal discovery of the role of papilloma viruses in cancers of the cervix. In his early work, he demonstrated for the first time that non-virus producing Burkitt’s lymphoma cells contained multiple copies of latent Epstein-Barr virus DNA. Dr. zur Hausen also demonstrated the presence of Epstein-Barr virus in the epithelial cells of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. He developed some simple methods to isolate human papilloma viruses (HPV) that led to the discovery of HPV 6, a cause of genital warts.
A year later, in 1983, he identified HPV 16 and HPV 18 DNA, respectively, in cervical tumors. We know now, that these viruses are responsible for causing over 75 percent of cervical cancers. Dr. zur Hausen’s discoveries led to the 2006 introduction of HPV vaccines for prevention of cervical cancers, one of the most important recent advances for cancer prevention.
2016 Big Four of the Millenium, German Society for Gynaecology and Obstetrics2009 Elected Member, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine2008 Gairdner Foundation International Award2005 Prize of the Pan-American Society for Clinical Virology2003 Vice-President, LEOPOLDINA, German Academy of Natural Sciences and Medicine1999 Charles Rodolphe Brupbacher Prize for Cancer Research1998 Elected Member, American Philosophical Society1996 Ernst-Jung Prize for Medicine1994 Paul-Ehrlich-und-Ludwig-Darmstaedter-Prize1993 President, Organization of the European Cancer Institutes (OECI)1983 Chairman of the Management Board and Scientific Director of DKFZ (German Cancer Research Center)1977 Chairman and Professor, Institut für Virologie, Zentrum für Hygiene, University of Freiburg, Germany1975 Robert-Koch Prize1972 Chairman and Professor, Institut für Klinische Virologie, University of Erlangen- Nürnberg, Germany1960 MD, University of Düsseldorf, Germany