Roger C.L. Guillemin, MD, PhD
Distinguished Professor, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California
Long considered one of the founders of the field of neuroendocrinology, Dr. Guillemin was awarded the 1977 Nobel Prize for co-discoveries that led to an understanding of hypothalamic hormone production in the brain. His group isolated thyrotropin-releasing hormone, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, somatostatin, and somatocrinin. Synthetic analogs of these brain hormones developed in his laboratory have since been used to treat several types of tumors and a wide range of diseases and conditions.
Dr. Guillemin was also the first to isolate a group of neuropeptides called endorphins, which have a variety of roles, including in the perception of pain. His most recent research addressed fibroblast growth factors, inhibins and activins. In his early years, his medical studies in his native France were interrupted by World War II, during which he joined the French Resistance and helped refugees escape to Switzerland. In his later years, he has turned to creating abstract impressionist art, which has been prominently displayed in major galleries.
2007-2009 Interim President, The Salk Institute1980 Elected to the French Academy of Sciences1977 Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology1976 National Medal of Science1976 Passano Award in the Medical Sciences1976 Dickson Prize in Medicine, University of Pittsburgh1976 Elected Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences1975 Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award1974 Elected Member, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC1974 Gairdner International Award1973 Legion d’Honneur1970-1989 Professor of Neuroendocrinology, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies1953-1970 Professor of Physiology, Baylor College of Medicine1953 PhD, University of Montreal1949 MD, University of Lyon