Cancer Health Disparities

The National Cancer Institute defines cancer health disparities as adverse differences in cancer measures such as the number of new cases, the number of deaths, cancer–related health complications, survivorship, and quality of life after cancer treatment, screening rates, and stage at diagnosis that exist among certain population groups. These differences in the burden of exist between racial and ethnic groups, socioeconomic groups, geography, and more.

Many complex and interrelated factors that contribute to cancer health disparities, making it difficult to isolate and study the relative contribution of each. However, given that a significant proportion of the U.S. population is affected by cancer health disparities, it is important that research into these specific issues continues.

Some areas of intensive research investigation are furthering our understanding of the contribution of biological factors such as genetics and social determinants of health such as neighborhood influences to the adverse outcomes for certain U.S. populations. Only with new insights obtained through research and through the inclusion of all segments of the U.S. population in clinical trials will we develop and implement interventions that will eliminate cancer for all.

Examples of geographic disparities include:
Examples of racial disparities include:
Examples of socioeconomic disparities include: