Breast Cancer Awareness Month
According to the National Cancer Institute, more than 285,000 women in the United States will be diagnosed with breast cancer and some 43,250 will die of the disease in 2022. In addition, an estimated 2,710 men are expected to be diagnosed with breast cancer and 530 will die of the disease this year.
Breast cancer is the most common type of non-skin cancer in women in the United States, accounting for 15 percent of all new cases. And it is second to lung cancer as a cause of cancer death in American women.
There are a number of different types of breast cancer. The most common form of breast cancer is ductal carcinoma, which begins in the cells of the ducts. Cancer that begins in the lobes or lobules is called lobular carcinoma and is more often found in both breasts than are other types of breast cancer. Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare type of breast cancer in which the breast is warm, red, and swollen.
Being female and older in age are the main risk factors for breast cancer. Other risk factors include estrogen (made in the body), dense breast tissue, age at menstruation and first birth, taking hormones for symptoms of menopause, smoking, obesity, and not getting enough exercise.
Hereditary breast cancer makes up 5 percent to 10 percent of all breast cancer diagnoses. Women who have certain gene mutations, such as mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes, have an increased risk of developing breast cancer and ovarian cancer.
Men can also develop breast cancer, making up slightly less than 1 percent of those diagnosed each year. Radiation exposure, high levels of estrogen, and a family history of breast cancer can increase a man’s risk of the disease.
October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month.
What is the AACR Doing in the Area of Breast Cancer Research?
The San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium
The annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium is cosponsored by the AACR and UT Health San Antonio’s Mays Cancer Center. This year’s SABCS® will be held December 6 – 9, 2022. The four-day scientific conference is geared to an international audience of basic scientists, physician-scientists, clinical investigators, and breast care providers, as well as patient advocates seeking an exchange of new information in experimental biology, etiology, prevention, diagnosis, and therapy of premalignant breast disease and breast cancer.
The AACR, an SABCS cosponsor, honored two renowned researchers for their work in breast cancer at the 2021 SABCS last December.
Helen M. Piwnica-Worms, PhD, was named the recipient of the 2021 AACR Distinguished Lectureship in Breast Cancer Research, supported by Aflac Inc. Fabrice André, MD, PhD, receive the 2021 AACR Outstanding Investigator Award for Breast Cancer Research, supported by the Breast Cancer Research Foundation.
The 2022 AACR Outstanding Investigator in Breast Cancer Research Award and AACR Distinguished Lectureship in Breast Cancer Research will be presented at the upcoming SABCS.
In 2022, the AACR has awarded 6 grants to investigators pursuing promising research related to breast cancer research.