Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer

The most common type of paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer is squamous cell carcinoma. This type of cancer forms in the thin, flat squamous cells that line the inside of the paranasal sinuses and the nasal cavity. Other types of paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer include: melanoma, sarcoma, and midline granulomas.

Risk factors for paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer include smoking and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection as well as exposure to certain chemicals or dust during furniture making, sawmill work, woodworking, shoemaking, and flour mill or bakery work.

The majority of tumors of the paranasal sinuses are discovered at advanced stages when cure rates are generally poor. Paranasal sinus and nasal cavity cancer is a type of head and neck cancer.

Overall, head and neck cancers account for approximately 4 percent of all cancer in the United States, or about 72,250 of the estimated 1.8 million new cancer diagnoses in 2020, according to the National Cancer Institute.

Paranasal Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer Treatment (Adult) (PDQ®)

Source: National Cancer Institute