Mary-Claire King, PhD
American Cancer Society Professor, Department of Medicine and Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington
The first demonstration of a genetic predisposition to breast and ovarian cancer by the localization of BRCA1 is one of the many accomplishments of Dr. King in her studies of the genetics of complex human diseases. Her first genetics work was proof of the close relationship between the genomes of humans and chimpanzees. While her work has focused primarily on inherited ovarian and breast cancer, she has also made major contributions to identifying genes responsible for both hearing loss and schizophrenia.
Dr. King has also used her expertise in genetics as a human rights activist. She developed the methodology of sequencing mitochondrial DNA in human remains and applied this technology to the identification of kidnapped children in Argentina and to the identification of genocide victims in Rwanda, Bosnia, and Ethiopia. She has developed collaborations throughout the world, has received numerous accolades including honorary doctorates from 13 universities and serves as a role model for women in science.
2015 AACR Distinguished Lectureship in Breast Cancer Research2013 Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize2012 President, American Society of Human Genetics2011 Elected Member, American Philosophical Society2011 Elected Foreign Member, French Academy of Sciences2010 Princess Takamatsu Memorial Lecture, American Association for Cancer Research2008 Science of Oncology Award, American Society of Clinical Oncology2007 Medal of Honor for Clinical Research, American Cancer Society2006 A.H. Heineken Award for Medicine, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences2006 Women and Science Award, Weizmann Institute2005 Elected Member, National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC2004 Genetics Prize, Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation1999 Nancy Brinker Award, Susan G. Komen Foundation1994 G.H.A. Clowes Memorial Award, American Association for Cancer Research1994 Elected Member, Institute of Medicine1973 PhD, University of California, Berkeley