Esophageal Cancer Awareness Month

Esophagreal Cancer Awareness Month

The esophagus is a muscular tube connecting the throat to the stomach. Esophageal cancer forms in the tissue lining of the esophagus. There are two types of esophageal cancer, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. 

According to federal statistics, an estimated 17,650 people living in the United States were diagnosed with esophageal cancer and an estimated 16,050 died of the disease in 2019, making it one of the deadliest forms of cancer.

Signs and symptoms of esophageal cancer include painful or difficult swallowing, weight loss, pain behind the breastbone, hoarseness and cough, and indigestion and heartburn. 

Smoking, heavy alcohol consumption, and Barrett’s esophagus can increase a person’s risk of developing esophageal cancer. Other risk factors include older age, being male, and being African American.

April is Esophageal Cancer Awareness Month.

What Is Esophageal Cancer?

The esophagus is a long, muscular tube that connects the stomach to the throat. Esophageal cancer starts in the inside lining of the esophagus and spreads outward through the other layers as it grows. The two most common forms of esophageal cancer are named for the type of cells that become cancerous:

What is the AACR Doing in this Area?

In 2019, the AACR offered the following awards in the field of esophageal cancer research: