Rudolf Jaenisch, MD
Founding Member, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research; Professor of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts
A cancer research pioneer, Dr. Jaenisch is renowned for developing transgenic mouse models in collaboration with Dr. Beatrice Mintz. Their collective research was the first to validate that exogenous DNA could be introduced into the germline of mouse embryos and that such DNA could successfully integrate into the genome of a donor mouse and be transmitted to that mouse's offspring. This discovery has led to innumerable studies including those involving insertional mutagenesis to define genes that are essential for normal development as well as carcinogenesis. Dr. Jaenisch is also well known for leading one of the three laboratories that generated inducible pluripotent cells (iPS) from murine cells. He showed that iPS cells can be reprogrammed to an embryonic stem cell-like state and that these cells may be utilized to treat a variety of diseases. Specifically, he has studied the therapeutic potential of these cells to treat sickle-cell anemia and Parkinson's disease. Dr. Jaenisch has been a leader in the emerging field of epigenetics, studying how various post-translational modifications are capable of guiding and altering not only gene expression, but also normal developmental processes such as genomic imprinting and X-chromosome inactivation. This research has highlighted the importance of various epigenetic marks, namely methylation in normal physiology as well as cancer. Collectively, Dr. Jaenisch's work has revolutionized cancer biology by providing invaluable tools with which to investigate the complexities of cancer in vitro and in vivo.
2015 March of Dimes Prize in Developmental Biology2014 Otto Warburg Medal2013 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Life Science2011 National Medal of Science, National Science Foundation2011 Wolf Prize in Medicine2009 Ernst Schering Prize2009 Order Pour le Mérite, Federal Republic of Germany2008 Meira and Shaul G. Massry Prize2007 Vilcek Foundation Prize for Achievements of Prominent Immigrants2006 Max Delbrück Medal in Molecular Medicine2003 Charles Rodolphe Brupacher Prize for Cancer, Zürich, Switzerland2002 Robert Koch Prize for Excellence in Scientific Achievement2001 Gruber Prize in Genetics1996 Boehringer Mannheim Molecular Bioanalytics Prize1967 MD, University of Munich, Germany